At a convention in Münster [Germany], the
German "morality theologians" have complained about the increasing
censorship by the church. Their spokesman, Professor Hans Kramer,
called the actions of the Vatican's Congregation of Faith, which
oversees doctrinal matters, a "return to the Inquisition." Kramer
said that the human rights of the theologians are being "trampled
on," particularly by a recent "dictatorial" edict from the Vatican
under which Catholic theologians without prior notice could lose
their permission to teach. Kramer complained that the Vatican is
attempting to intimidate the theologians, while, on the other hand,
giving Bible scholars "almost a free rein."
Also Professor Dietmar Mieth of Tuebingen and Antonio
Autiero (executive secretary of the International Association of
Morality Theologians and Social Ethicists) complained of the increasing
pressure on their profession by the Vatican: young colleagues who
have dealt with sexual morality too openly or critically find that
they cannot get a teaching position. (In Germany, based on the Concordat
of 1933, the Vatican has the veto right over appointments to teaching
positions in Catholic theology at public universities.)
The tensions between the Vatican and the theologians
began with a book by the German theologian Alfons Auer, which appeared
26 years ago under the title "Die autonome Moral" [Autonomous Morality].
Auer wanted to establish Christian ethics on a rational basis rather
than on biblical revelation. His view was that the free, responsible,
sound reasoning power of human beings should be sufficient to allow
the individual to distinguish between good and evil.
Dietmar Mieth says that the Vatican instead wants
to continue to force Reason "beneath the scepter of Faith, the Bible,
and papally administered Grace." He maintains that the moral competency
of the conscience, which was recognized 30 years ago in Vatican
II, is now being denied.
Antonio Autiero went even further, when in Muenster
he called the moral decrees of the Bible "intended for those times
only ['zeitbedingt']" and therefore inappropriate today as a foundation
for morality. Only the Bible's image of the human being is timeless,
he said. ... [Jätetty pois raportti luostarin asenteesta aborttiin.]
Tämä muistuttaa Boyd
K. Packerin lausuntoa siitä, minkälainen opetus on kelvollista
historianopetusta mormoneille kirkostaan:
"There are qualifications to teach or write the
history of this church. If one is lacking in any one of these
qualifications, he cannot properly teach the history of the Church...
I will state these qualifications in the form of questions so
that you can assess your own qualifications. Do you believe that
God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ personally appeared to
the boy prophet, Joseph Smith Jr., in the year 1820? Do you have
personal witness that the Father and the Son appeared in all their
glory and stood above that young man and instructed him according
to the testimony that he gave to the world in his published history?"
BYU Studies, Summer 1981, pp 272-273.
Samassa puheessa Packer väittää:
Kirkon historian opettajille ja siitä kirjoittaville
on kiusauksena kertoa kaikki, oli se sitten kelvollista tai uskoa
kohottavaa tai ei. Jotkut asiat, jotka ovat totta, eivät
ole kovin hyödyllisiä.
Eräs ensimmäisistä aiheista, jotka
saivat minut miettimään mormonikirkon totuutta, oli se
kumma juttu, että mormonit kritisoivat katolista kirkkoa niin
kovin, vaikka itse asiassa ne ovat samankaltaisia. Asiat eivät
kai ole muuttuneet.
Akateemisesta vapaudesta MAP-kirkon omistamassa Brigham Youngin