The following titles are listed chronologically,
the author appearing first, then title, then publisher. Reprints
and/or revisions by same author are listed after the first title.
Pertinent commentaries on the first title are listed under same
number; some of these comments are taken from Chad Flake, comp.,
A Mormon Bibliography (Salt Lake City: University of Utah
Press, 1978). Reprints of first title by other authors are listed
under separate, chronologically sequenced numbers, with bibliographic
reference to original source. Bracketed trailer numbers refer to
Flake's identifying number in A Mormon Bibliography. Most
titles contain only a partial depiction of the endowment ceremony.
Photocopies of most titles are in the David J. Buerger Papers, Ms.
622, Manuscripts Division, Special Collections, Marriott Library,
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
- Bennett, John C. The history of the Latter-day
Saints; or, an exposé of Joe Smith and Mormonism. (Boston:
Leland & Whiting, 1842), pp. 217-25 and 272-78. 
- "Ceremony of the endowment," Warsaw
Signal (18 Feb. 1846), il, no. 48, p. 2; and "Morrnon
endowments," Warsaw Signal (15 Apr. 1846), iii, no.
3, p. 2.
__. (same) in Tanner, Evolution of the Mormon temple ceremony:
1942-1990. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1990),
- Van Dusen (sometimes spelled "Van Deusen"),
Increase McGee and Maria. The Mormon endowment; a secret drama,
or conspiracy, in the Nauvoo-temple, in 1846; in which process
Mr. & Mrs. McGee, (the authors of this work,) were made king
and queen, to which is added a sketch of the life of Joseph Smith,
the circumstances of his finding the Mormon bible; his last revelation
in the appointment of his successor; the angel's appearance to
him; his finding another bible; his revelation concerning Polk
and the Mexican war; baptism for the deadMormon faithspiritual-wife-doctrine;
description of Nauvoo and the temple, &c., &c. (Syracuse,
NY: N.M.D. Lathrop, printer, 1847). [94221
__. (same) in Tanner, Evolution of the Mormon temple ceremony:
1942-1990. (Sait Lake City: Utah Lighthouse ministry, 1990),
__. Positively true. A dialogue between Adam and Eve, the Lord
and the devil, called the endowment: As was acted by twelve or
fifteen thousand, in secret, in the Nauvoo Temple, said to be
revealed from God, as a reward for building that splendid edifice,
and the express object for which it was built. (Albany, NY:
C. Kiilmer, 1847). 
__. (same, under title) The sublime and ridiculous blended;
called, the endowment: as was acted, by upwards of twelve thousand,
in secret, in the Nauvoo Temple, said to be revealed from God
as a reward for building that splendid edifice, and the express
object for which it was built. (New York: Published by the
author, 1848 [c. 1847]. [New introduction and text somewhat revised
and sensationalized. Omission of Strangite material.] 
__. (same, under title) Startling disclosures of the great
Mormon conspiracy against the liberties of this country being
the celebrated "endowment, " as it was acted by upwards
of twelve thousand men and women in secret, in the Nauvoo lemple,
in 1846, and said to have been revealed from God. By I. M'Gee
Van Dusen and Maria his wife, who were initiated into these dreadful
mysteries. (New York: Published by Mr. and Mrs. Van Dusen,
1849). [Also published in 1849 in John Thomas's A sketch of
the rise, progress and dispersion of the Mormons.] 
__. (same) (New York: Published by Mr. and Mrs. Van Dusen, 1849).
[Added illustrations and a different arrangement of some of the
pages, Lacks pagination of prior edition.] 
(same) (New York: Blake & Jackson, 1849). 
(same) (New York: Blake & Jackson, 1849). 
(same) (New York: Blake & Jackson, 1850). 
Startling disclosures of the wonderful ceremonies of the Mormon
spiritual wife system. Being the celebrated "endowment,"
as it was acted by upwards of twelve thousand men and women in
secret in the Nauvoo Temple in 1846, and said to have been revealed
from God, By I. M'Gee Van Dusen and Maria his wife, who initiated
into these dreadful mysteries. (New York: n.p., 1850). 
__. (same) (New York: Blake &Jackson, 1852). [Reprint of 1850
__. (same) (New York: n.p., 1852). [Variant printing.] 
(same) (New York: n.p., 1855). 
(same) (New York: n.p., 1857). 
(same, under title) Mormonism exposed ... New York, For sale at
all book and periodical stores [1853?] [Copyrighted by the Van
Dusens, 1848; "Preface to the sixth edition."] 
__. (same, under title) Spiritual delusions being a key to
the mysteries of Mormonism, exposing the particulars of that astounding
heresy, the spiritual wife system, as practiced by Brigham Young
of Utah, By Increase Van Deusen and Maria his wife, seceders from
that singular sect who were personally initiated into those dreadful
mysteries. (New York: Moulton and Tuttle, 1854). [Frequently
reprinted under this title and with a slightly varying title,
which is, enlarged from the previous copy; has a second recital
of the ceremony and an allegorical description of its various
degrees and ceremonies. Some copies have the fold-out sheet of
__.(same) (New York: Published by the authors, 1854). [Variant
__. (same) (New York: A. Ranney; ... Chicago: Rufus Blanchard
[etc., etc.] 1855). 
__. (same) (New York: A. Ranney, 1856). 
__. (same) (New York: A. Ranney, 1857). 
__. (same) (New York: A. Ranney, 1859). 
__. (same, under title) Startling disclosures of the Mormon
spiritual wife system, and wonderful ceremonies of the celebrated
"endowment" as it is acted by upwards of fifty thousand
men and women in secret, in the temple in Utah, and said to have
been revealed from god, By I. M'Gee Van Dusen, and Maria, his
wife who were initiated and participators in these dreadful mysteries.
(New York: n.p., 1864). 
__. (same) (New York: n.p., 1864). [Variant printing.] 
__. Misteries [sic] of Mormonism. (New York: I. Van Deusen,
[c] 1850). [Plates för their books. Scenes from the endowment
- Lewis, Catherine. Narrative of some of the
proceedings of the Mormons giving an account of their iniquities,
with particulars concerning the training of the Indians by them,
description of the mode of endowment, plurality of wives, &c.,
&c, (Lynn, MA: The author, 1848), pp. 6-24. 
__. (same) (Lynn, MA: The author, 1853). 
- An authentic history of remarkable persons,
who have attracted public attention in various parts of the world;
including a full exposure of the iniquities of the pretended prophet,
Joe Smith, and of the seven degrees of the Mormon temple; also
an account of the frauds practiced by Matthias the prophet, and
other religious importers. (New York: Wilson and. Co., 1849,
pp. 8-17. 
- Thomas, John. A sketch of the rise, progress,
and dispersion of the Mormons, by John Thomas, M.D., President
of the S. and E. Medical College of Virginia, United States, America;
to which is added an account of the Nauvoo temple mysteries, and
other abominations practiced by this impious sect previous to
their emigration for California, by Increase McGee Van Dusen,
formerly one of the initiated. (London: Arthur Hall and Co.,
1849), pp. 11-24. 
- Bowes, John. Mormonism exposed, in its swindling
and licentious abominations, refuted in its principles, and in
the claims of its head, the modern Mohammed Joseph Smith, who
is proved to have been a deceiver, and no prophet of God.
(London, E. Ward, 1850[?]), pp. 17-22. 
- White, Thomas. The Mormon mysteries; being
an exposition of the ceremonies of "The Endowment" and
of the seven degrees of the temple. A new and improved edition
By Thomas White. (New York: Edmund K. Knowlton, 1851). 
- [Anon.] A Confession of the awful and bloody
transactions in the life of Charles Wallace etc. Unrecorded Barclays
Fiction at its Best with a Destructive Visit to the Mormon Temple
at Nauvoo. We visited Joe Smiths temple, one night, and smashed
the windows in with bricks. Great fun it gave us, for we could
not bear to see him humbug the easy fools around him out of their
wives and property. He had a right we are told, to walk into a
married man's bed-chamber, kick out her husband and lay himself
down beside the pure and virtuous wife. We were very much tempted
to murder him for the sole benefit of mankind. But we heard of
two police officers from St. Louis who had also arrived at the
Mormon city ... (New Orleans: Barclay, 1851), 1st ed., 8 vols.,
32 pp., 4 illustrated.
- Hall, William. The abominations of Mormonism
exposed. Containing many facts and doctrines concerning that singular
people during seven years' membership with them, from 1840 to
1847. (Cincinnati: I. Hart & Co,, 1852), pp. 4562. 
- Hepburn, Andrew Balfour. An exposition of
the blasphemous doctrines and delusions of the so-called Latter-day
Saints, or Mormons, containing an authentic account of the impositions,
spiritual wife doctrine, and the other abominable practices of
Joseph Smith, the American Mahomet, and his twelve apostle, elders,
and followers to the present time. (Sheffield: M. Thomas &
Son, 1852), pp. 60-61. 
__. The doctrines, rites and ceremonies of Latter Day Saints,
or Mormons, exposed; showing from their own books, &c, that
they are, without exception, the most depraved, immoral, blasphemous,
and ridiculous sect that ever polluted this earth. The extracts
furnished by Mr. A. B. Hepburn, anti-Mormon lecturer. (London:
Partridge and Oakey... and the Anti-Mormon Tract Depot, [c] 1853).
__. Mormonism exploded or the religion of the Latter-day Saints.
Proved to be a system of imposture, blasphemy, and immorality;
with the autobiography and portrait of the author. In two parts.
Pt. I By A. B. Hepburn. Anti-Mormon lecturer. Edited by Rev. Charles
Short, A.M. (London: Swansea, Simkin, Marshall and Co., 1855).
- Pratt, Orson. The Seer 1 (Feb. 1853),
no. 2, pp. 31-32. [Description of the temple wedding ceremony
text; a similar description was published in the Millennial
- The secrets of Mormonism disclosed; an authentic
exposure of the immorality and licentious abominations of the
apostles, prophets, highpriests, and elders of the Latter-day
Saints, and their spiritual wives; founded on their own quoted
writings, doctrines, and official records, and the confessions
of male and female members of their church; showing their obscene
practices in the temple devoted to public worship, and the profligacy
of a Mormon harem, composed of married and single females. Also
the adulteries and seductions carried on at the celebration of
their spiritual marriages, under the mask of having received divine
sanction in visions! Including the horrors of the "agapemone,"
or abode of love. (London: R, Bulman, 1854 [?]). 
- Taylder, T. W. P. The Mormon's own book;
or, Mormonism tried by its own standards, reason, and scripture.
(London: Partridge, Oakey, and Co., 1855), pp. 135-47. 
__. (same) With an account of its present condition. Also a
life of Joseph Smith. New edition. (London: Partridge and
Co., 1857). 
- Gunnison, John Williams. The Mormons, or
Latter day Sainis, in the valley of the Great Salt Lake; a history
of their rise and progress, peculiar doctrines, present condition,
and prospects, derived from personal observation during a residence
among them. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, Grambo & Co.,
__. (same) (London: Sampson Low, 1852). 
__. (same) (Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1853)
__. (same) (Toronto: T. Maclear, 1853). 
__. (same, in German) Die Mormonen im Thale des grossen Salzee's
nach personlicher Beobachtung geschildert von J. W. Gunnison.
Deutsch von M. R. Lindau. (Hamburg und Leipzig: Verlag von
Rudolf Kuntze, 1855). 
__. (same) (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1855), pp.
__. (same) (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1857 [c
__. (same) (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1860). 
__. (same) (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1862). 
__. (same) (New York: J. W. Lovell Co., 1884). 
__. (same) (New York: G. Munro, 1890). 
- Hood, Edwin Paxton. The lamps of the temple.
Crayon sketches of the men of the modern pulpit (London: John
Snow, 1856). 
- Cook, William. The Mormons. The dream and
the reality; or, leaves from the sketch book of experience of
one who left England to join the Mormons in the city of Zion,
and awoke to a consciousness of its heinous wickedness and abominations.
Edited by a clergyman. (London: Joseph Masters, 1857), pp.
__. (same, under title) The "Fowlers snare, " as
craftily laid to catch unwary souls, now fully unmasked and exposed
to view, by one who has broken the snare and escaped. (London:
Joseph Masters, 1858). [Identical to 1st ed.] 
- Emmons, S. B. The spirit land by S. B. Emmons.
(Philadelphia: John E. Potter and Co., 1857; see chap. 8, "Mormon
superstition: an account of the first vision and other delusions
exposed by the Van Dusens"). 
__. (same) (Philadelphia: JW. Bradley, 1859), pp. 101- 102. [Van
Dusen material deleted frorn this ed.]
- Hyde, John. Mormonism: its leaders and designs.
By John Hyde, jun. Formerly a Mormon elder, and resident of Salt
Lake City. (New York: W.P. Fetridge & Co., 1857), pp.
40-41, 83-114. 
__. (same) 2d ed. (New York: W. P. Fetridge & Company, 1857).
- Green, Nelson Winch. Fifteen Years among
the Mormons; being the narrative of Mrs. Mary Ettie V. Smith,
late of Great Salt Lake City; a sister of one of the Mormon highpriests,
she having been personally acquainted with most of the Mormon
leaders, and long in the confidence of the "Prophet"
Brigham Young. (New York: C. Scribner, 1858), pp. 41-53. 
__. (same) (New York: H. Dayton, 1858). 
__. (same) (New York: Dayton; Indianapolis, IN: Asher & Company,
1859). [Variant printing.] 
__. (same) (New York: H. Dayton, 1860). [c. 1857] 
__. (same, under title) Fifteen years' residence with the Mormons.
With startling disclosures of the mysteries of polygamy. By a
sister of one of the high priests. (Chicago: Phoenix Publishing
Co., 1876). 
__. (same, under title) Mormonism; its rise, progress and present
condition. Embracing the narrative of Mrs. Ettie V. Smith, of
her residence and expellence of fifteen years with the Mormons;
containing a full and authentic account of their social condition;
their religious and political government... with other startling
facts and statements, being a full disclosure of the rites, ceremonies
and mysteries of polygamy. &c. (Hartford, CT: Belknap
and Bliss, 1870). 
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: Belknap & Bliss, 1872). 
- Remy, Jules. A journey to Great Salt Lake
City, by Jules Remy and Julius Brenchley, MA.; with a sketch of
the history, religion, and customs of the Mormons and an introduction
on the religious movement in the United States. (London: W.
Jeffis, 1861); in 2 vols,; see voi. 2, pp, 65-77. 
- Waite, Catherine [Van Valkenburg]. The Mormon
prophet and his harem; or, an authentic history of Brigham Young,
his numerous wives and children. (Cambridge, MA: Riverside
Press, 1866), pp. 244-60. 
__. (same) 3rd ed. (Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, 1856). 
__. (same) 3rd ed. (Cambridge, MA; Riverside Press, 1867). 
__. (same) 4th ed., revised and enlarged. (Cambridge, MA: J. S.
Goodman and. Co., 1867). 
__. (same) 5th ed., revised and enlarged. (Chicago: J.S. Goodman
and Co., 1867), [c 18661. 
__. (same) 5th ed., revised and enlarged. (Philadelphia: Zeigler,
McCurdy and Co.; Cincinnati: CT. Vent and Co., 1867). 
__. (same) (Chicago: J. S. Goodman & Co., 1868). [c 1866].
- Beadle, John Hanson. Life in Utah; or, the
mysteries and crimes of Mormonism. Being an exposé of the
secret rites and ceremonies of the Latter-day Saints, with a full
and authentic history of polygamy and the Mormon sect from its
origin to the present time. (Philadelphia: Nationai Publishing
Co., 1878), pp. 486-502. 
__. The history of Mormonism; its rise, progress, present condition
and mysteries; being an exposé of the secret rites and
ceremonies of the Latter-day Saints; with a full and authentic
account of polygamy and the Mormon sect from its origin to the
present time. (Toronto, Ont.: A.H. Hovey, 1873). 
__. (same) [Under title, Life in Utah]. (Philadelphia:
National Publishing Co., 1870). 
__. (same) (Philadelphia: National Publishing Co., 1870). 
__. (same) (Toronto: James Spencer, 1872). 
__. (same, under title) Life in Utah and on the plains; being
an account of the settlement of the Great West, and embracing
the history of the rise and progress of Mormonism, and the occupation
of Utah by that people ... (Toronto: Dominion Publishing Co.,
__. (same, under title) Polygamy; or, the mysteries and crimes
of Mormonism, being a full and authentic history of polygamy and
the Mormon sect from its origin to the present time. With a complete
analysis of Mormon society and theocracy, and an exposé
of the secret rites and ceremonies of the Latter-day Saints...
(Philadelphia: The National Publishing Co., [c] 1882) [Copyright
date mutilated on many copies, making it seem to be 1880.] 
__. (same) (Boston: B. B. Russell, [c] 1882). 
__. (same) (Auckland, NZ: A. F, Porter & Sons, [c] 1882).
__. (same) (Cincinnati: W. E. . Dibble & Co., [c] 1882). 
__. (same) (Philadelphia: National Puhlishing Co., [c] 1904).
__. (same) (Philadelphia: World Bible House, [c] 1904). 
__. Polygamy; or, the mysteries and crimes of Mormonism
(n.p., [c]1904). 
__. (same, in German) Das Leben in Utah; oder, Die Mysterien
und Verbrechen des Mormonenthums. Enthaltend eine Enthullung der
Geheimenritualien und Ceremonien der Heiligen vom Jungsten Gericht
... Aus dem englischen ubertragen von Carl Theodor Eben. (Philadelphia:
National Publications, 1870). 
__. (same, in Russian) Zhizn' Mormonov v Uta; ili Tainstva
i prestupleniia Mormonizma; izlozhenie tainikh obriadov i tseremonii
sviatikh posldnikh dnei. (Sanktperterburg, Tip. M. Khana,
- Bundy, L. A. Mormonism exposed; a faithful
exposé of the secrets and evils of the Mormon country,
by one who possessed the sixteenth part of a husband. (New
York: Omum & Co., 1872 [?]), pp. 9-11, 55-56. 
- Stenhouse, Mrs. T. B. H. [Fanny]. "Tell
it all. " The story of a life's
experience in Mormonism. An autobiography by Mrs. T.B.H.
Stenhouse of Salt Lake City, for more than twenty years the wife
of a Mormon missionary and elder. With introductory preface
by Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe. (Hartford, CT: A.B. Worthington
and Co., 1874). 
__. (same) Full-page illustrations and steelplate portrait
of the author. (Cincinnati: Queen City Publishing Co., 1874).
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: A.D. Worthington and Co., 1875). 
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: A.D. Worthington and Co., Cincinnati:
Queen City Publishing Co. [etc., etc.1, 1875). 
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: A.D. Worthington and Co., 1876). 
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: A.D. Worthington and Co., 1876). [Publisher's
__. (same) Including a full account of the Mountain Meadows
massacre and of the life, confession, and execution of bishop
John D. Lee. (Hartford, CT: A.D. Worthington and Co., 1878).
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: A.D. Worthington and Co., 1878). [8396a]
__. (same) Fully illustrated. (Hartford, CT: A. D. Worthington
and Co., 1890), pp. 352-69. 
__. (same, revised under title) An Englishman in Utah: the
story of a lifes experience in Mormonism. An autobiography by
Mrs. TB.H. Stenhouse of Salt Lake City for more than twenty-five
years the wife of a Mormon missionary and elder. With an introductory
preface by Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe. Including a full account
of the Mountain Meadows massacre and of the life, confession,
and execution of Bishop John D. Lee. Fully illustrated. (London:
Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, 1880), pp. 189-201,
__. (same) New and cheaper ed. (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle
& Rivington, 1882). 
__. (same, under title) The Tyranny ofMormonism, or An Englishwoman
in Utah; an autobiography, by Fanny Stenhouse of Salt Lake City
(25 years). With introductory preface by Mrs. Beecher Stowe. Fully
illustrated. (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington,
1888), pp. 189-201, 320-21. 
__. (same, in Spanish) Vida de una senora entre los Mormons;
producto de la experiencia personal de una de las espousa de un
sacerdote Mormon, durante un periode de mas de viente anos.
(Mexico: Imprinta de Ignacia Escalante, 1873). 
- Young, Ann Eliza [Webb]. Wife no. 19; or,
the story of a life in bondage, being a complete exposé
of Mormonism, and revealing the sorrows, sacrifices and sufferings
of women in polygamy, by Ann Eliza Young, Brigham Youngs apostate
wife. (Hartford, CT: Dustin, Gilman & Co., 1875). [10,046]
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: Dustin, Gilman and Co., 1876 [c 1875]).
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: Dustin, Gilman and. Co., 1876), pp.
349-72, 386-89. [Publisher's sample. Sold by subscription only]
__. (same) (Hartford, CT: Dustin, Gilman and Co., 1877). [10,049]
__. (same, under title) Life in Mormon bondage; a complete
exposé of its false prophets, murderous Danites, despotic
rulers and hypnotized deluded subjects, by Ann Eliza Young, 19th
wife of Brigham Young. Limited ed. (Philadelphia/Boston: Aldine
Press, Inc., [c] 1908), pp. 273-86. [10,050]
- The Gates of the Mormon hell opened, exhibiting
the licentious abominations and revellings of the highpriest of
the Latter-day Saints Rev. Brigham Young and his 90 wives; and
the vile scenes enacted by the elders and apostles with their
many spiritual concubines in the secret chambers of the harem,
or institution of cloistered Saints, privately attached to the
temple. ... with a most outrageous scene of disrobing and washing
the new spiritual wife in a tub ... (London: Hewitt, Wych
Street Strand, n.d.); 
[A similarly titled pamphiet also was published in London by James
- "Morrnon Masonry," in Mackenzie, Kenneth
R. H., The Royal Masonic Cyclopedia (London: John Hogg,
1877), pp. 497-498.
__. (same) (Wellingborough, Northamptonshire: Aquarian Press,
__. (same) (Kila, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 1994).
- Latham, Henry Jepson. Among the Mormons.
How an American and an Englishman went to Salt Lake City, and
married seven wives apiece. Their lively experience. A peep into
the mysteries of Mormonism. By Ring Jepson [pseud.]. (San
Francisco: The San Francisco News Company, 1879). 
- Salt Lake Tribune. The Mormon Endowment House!
exposure of the treasonable institution, where polygamous
marriages are solemnized. By an eye witness. (Salt Lake City:
Tribune Printing & Publishing Co., 1879. [Text dated 24 Sep.
1879, taken from the Salt Lake Daily Tribune, 28 Sep. 1879,
4, "Lifting the vail. The endowment house mysteries
__. (same, under title) (Salt Lake City: 1879?). [Eight-page tract;
signed: Mrs. G. S. R. Attributed to Mrs. Carrie Owen Mills by
J. W. Buel, Mysteries and Miseries of Americas Great Cities.]
__. (same) (Salt Lake City: 1879?) [four pages] 
- Tenney, Edward Payson. Colorado: and homes
in the new West.
(Boston: Lee and Shepard; New York: C.T. Dillingham, 1880), p.
- Coyner, John McCutchen. Hand-book on Mormonism.
City: Handbook Publishing Co., 1882), pp. 23-30. 
__. (same) in Tanner, Evolution of the Mormon Temple
Ceremony: 1942-1990. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse Ministry,
1990), pp. 3-4.
- Paddock, Cornelia, "Ms. A.G. Paddock."
The fate of Madam La
Tour; a tale of Great Salt Lake, by Mrs. A. G. Paddock. (New
York: Fords, Howard, & Hulburt, 1881). (A typical Victorian
novel, which mentions the Endowment House rituals and includes
as an appendix, a form of the Salt Lake Tribune 1879 exposé.]
__. (same) (New York: Fords, Howard & Hulburt, 1881). 
__. (same) (New York: Fords, Howard & Hulburt, 1882), pp.
__. (same) (New York: Fords, Howard & Hulburt, 1895). 
__. (same) (New York: Fords, Howard & Hulburt, 1900 [c] 1881).
__. (same, in Danish) Mrs. Paddock: blandt Mormoner en beretning
om Madame la Tour og hendes born oversat efter:
The fate of Madame la Tour or a tale of the Great Salt Lake af
C. Menster... (Kobenhavn: Forlagt af Diakonissestiftelsens
Depot, 1902). 
- Trumble, Alfred. The mysteries of Mormonism.
A full exposure of its secret practices and hidden crimes, by
an apostle's wife. (New York: Richard K. Fox, Proprietor,
Police Gazette, [c] 1882), pp. 42-51. 
- McClintock, John. Cyclopedia of biblical
theological and ecclesiastical literature. Prepared by the Rev.
John McClintock, D.D., and James Strong. (New York: Harper
and Brothers, 1883), vol. 6, p. 645. 
- Robinson, Phillip Stewart. Sinners and saints.
A tour across the states, and round them; with three months among
the Mormons. (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1883), pp- 139-40.
__. (same) (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, 1883).
__. (same) New and cheaper ed. (London: Sampson Low, Marston &
Company, 1892). 
- Sala, George Augustus Henry. America revisited:
from the bay of New York to the Gulf of Mexico, and from Lake
Michigan to the Pacific. (New York: I.K. Funk & Co., [c]
__. (same) 4th ed. (New York: I.K. Funk & Co., 1883), pp.
- Faithfull, Emily. Three visits to America,
by Emily Faithfull. (Edinburgh: D. Douglas, 1884), pp. 150-78.
- Jarman, W. U.S.A., Uncle Sam's abscess; or,
hell upon earth for U.S., Uncle Sam. (Exeter, Eng.: Printed
at H. Leduc's Steam Printing Works, 1884), pp. 57-92. 
__. (same) (Exeter, Eng.: H. Leduc's Steam Printing Works, 1884).
- Nye, Edgar Wilson. Baled hay. A drier book
than Walt Whitman's "Leaves o' Grass." (New York
and Chicago: Belford, Clarke & Co., 1884), pp. 258-60. 
- Anderson, Scott. Mormonism. By an ex-Mormon
elder. Showing the true teachings of Mrmonism and how converts
are made. Mormon idolatry. Mormon slavery. Blood atonement as
preached by Brigham Young. The character of the endowment house
mysteries. Marriages and marriage laws, &c., &c. Also
copy of a letter written to John Taylor, (the Mormon president),
giving his reasons why he withdrew from the Mormon church.
(Liverpool: T. Dobb & Co., 1885), pp. 24-26. [A1]
- Wymetal, Wilhelm, Ritter von. Joseph Smith,
the prophet, his family and his friends; a study based on facts
and documents with fourteen illustrations. (Salt Lake City:
Tribune Printing and Publishing Co., 1886), pp. 267-72. ["volume
first" of projected series called Mormon portraits.
No more issued.] [10,034]
- Few choice examples of Mormon practices and
sermons. (n.p., 1886[?].) 
- Clampitt, John Wesley. Echoes from the Rocky
Mountains. (Chicago: Belford, Clarke & Co., [c] 1888).
[Reprint of the 1879 Salt Lake Tribune exposé.] 
__ . (same) (Chicago: Belford, Clarke & Co., 1888), pp. 325-36.
- Kipling, Rudyard. American notes. (New
York: Internationar Publishing Co., 1889). [Same account in "From
sea to sea; letters of travel" (New York: Doubleday, Page
& Co., 1907), pp. 112-13.] 
- Tullidge, Edward Wheelock. Tullidges histories
(volume II) containing the history of all the northern, eastern,
and western counties of Utah; also the counties of southern Idaho.
With a biographical appendix of representative men and founders
of the cities and counties; also a commercial supplement, historical.
(Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor, 1889), pp. 425-51. [Tullidge
defends the temple ritual from the exposé writers. He does
not take issue with their accounts, but only with their interpretations
and lack of sympathy.] 
- Bostwick, F. E. As I found it; life and experience
in Utah among the Mormons. Doctrines and practices of the Mormon
church, polygamy, endoument (sic) secrets, destroying angels,
Mountain Meadows massacre, present physical and political condition.
(St. Louis, 1893), pp. 8, 72-84. 
- Feree, Barn "Architecture," Engineering
Magazine 6:1 (1893), p.
100. (Feree refers to the "largest bath-tub ever made,"
at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 by the Standard Manufacturing
Company, which had manufactured twelve of them on special order
for the LDS church, for use in the Mormon temple in Salt Lake
[Cited also by Laurel. B. Andrew, The early temples of the
Mormons: The architecture of the millennial kingdom in the American
west. (Albany, NY: Suny, 1878), p. 25.]
- United States Circuit Court (8th District).
The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, complainant,
vs. the Church of Christ at Independence, Missouri... Complainant's
abstract of pleading and evidence. (Lamoni, IA: Herald, 1893).
[See esp. the testimonies of Wilford Woodruff at pp. 298-301,
Mercy Rachel Thompson at 353-58, Bathsheba Smith at pp- 358-63,
John Hawley at pp. 451-62, and Willard Griffith at pp. 462-66.]
- Whitney, Orson Ferguson. History of Utah,
comprising preliminary chapters on the previous history of her
founders, accounts of early Spanish and American explorations
in the Rocky Mountain region, the advent of the Mormon pioneers,
the establishment and dissolution of the provisional government
of the state of Deseret, and the subsequent creation and development
of the territory. (Salt Lake City: George Q Cannon & Sons,
Co., 1893), vol. 2, P. 382. [Whitney refers to the Salt Lake
Tribune exposés and complains that sacred LDS rituals
were "revealed by apostates."] 
- Howard of Glossop, Winefred Mary (De Lisle)
baroness. Journal of a tour in the United States, Canada and
Mexico by Winefred, Lady Howard of Glossop. (London: Sampson
Low, Marston, and Co., Ltd., 1897), pp. 48-49. 
- "Gentile" Bureau of Information. Temple
Mormonism. (Salt Lake City, 190?-) 
__. (same) (Salt Lake City: 190?). 
- Folk, Edgar Estes. The Mormon monster, or,
the story of Mormonism, embracing the history of Mormonism, Mormonism
as a religious system, Mormonism as a social system, Mormonism
as a political system; with a full discussion of the subject of
polygamy ... (Chicago/New York/Toronto: Fleming H. Revell,
1900), pp. 102, 132, 156, 246, 318-41. 
- Linn, William Alexander. The story of the
Mormons from the date of their origin to the Year 1901, by William
Alexander Linn. (New York: The Macmillan Co.; London: Macmillan
& Co., Ltd., 1902). 
__. (same) (New York: The Macmillan Co; London: Macmillan &
Co., Ltd., 1923), p. 355. 
- McMillin, Henry G. The inside of Mormonism.
A judicial examination of the endowment oaths administered in
all the Mormon temples, by the United States District Court for
the Third Judicial District of Utah, to determine whether membership
in the Mormon church is consistent with citizenship in the United
States. (Salt Lake City: Utah Americans, 1903), pp. 9-53,
[For LDS account of these hearings, see Deseret News, 14
Nov. 1889, "Base Falsehoods--Uttered in Court Regarding Mormon
Church"; see also clippings from William Holland Samson Scrapbook,
vol. 39 NR (local history).]
- "The Mormon Endowment Ceremony," by
a former Mormon, in The World Today, vol. 8 (Feb. 1905),
- U. S. Congress. Proceedings before the Committee
on Privileges and Elections of the United States Senate in the
matter of the protests against the right of Hon. Reed Smoot, a
Senator from the state of Utah, to hold his seat. [16 Jan.
1904 - 13 Apr. 1906] (Washington, D.C.: Gov't. Printing Office,
1904-06.) See testimony by J.R. Wallis, Sr. (v. 2:77-79, 148-49),
August W. Lundstrom (v. 2:151-53, 160-62, 181-83), Annie Elliott
(v. 2:189-90), Hugh M. Dougall (v. 2:759, 762-64), Alonzo Arthur
Noon (v. 2:779), Walter M. Wolfe (v. 4:6-7), and William Jones
Thomas (v. 4:495-97). 
[Many newspapers carried stories of these testimonies; see, for
example, the front pages of The Washington Times and The
New York Herald, 14 Dec. 1904, for photographs of a man dressed
in temple clothing modeling various oaths reportedly given in
the endowment ceremony.]
- Salt Lake Tribune, "Mysteries of
the Endowment House," 12 Feb. 1906, pp. 2-4.
__. Mysteries of the endowment house and oath of vengeance
of the Mormon church. (Salt Lake City: Salt Lake Tribune,
1906). [16 p. pamphlet reprint of the 12 Feb. 1906 Tribune exposé.]
- Schroeder, Theodore Albert. A reply to a
defense of Mormons and an attack upon the Ministerial Association
of Utah. By A. T. Schroeder. (New York: The Truth Seeker,
1906), pp. 8- 9. [Reprinted from The Truth Seeker. These
thoughts are suggested by an article from Mr. V. S. Peet in The
Truth Seeker, 25 Nov. 1905, p. 3.] 
- Tuttle, Daniel Sylvester. Reminiscences of
a missionary bishop, by the Right Rev. D. S. Tuttle. (New
York: Thomas Whittaker, [c] 1906), pp. 314-20. 
- Freece, Hans P. The letters of an apostate
Mormon to his son. (New York: The Wolfer Press, [c] 1908),
p. 58. 
__. (same) 2d ed. (Elmira, NY: [c] 1908). 
__. (same) 3rd ed. (New York?: [c] 1908). 
__. (same) 5th ed. (New York: [c] 1908). 
__. (same) 6th ed. (New York: [c] 1908). 
__. (same) 7th ed. (New York: [c] 1908). 
- Marshall, Thomas Philip. Mormonism exposed,
by Thomas Philip Marshall, ex-elder of the Utah Mormon Church,
with the secret workings, washings, anointings, and ceremonies
performed in their temples. Together with the secret signs, grips,
and their names by which they can make themselves known to one
another, either in crowds, or walking along the streets of our
cities. Also the horrible and barbarous punishments inflicted
upon all who dare to divulge these secrets outside their temple
walls. (St. Louis: Ponath--Bruewer Printing Co., [c] 1908),
pp. 43-66. 
- Major, Gertrude [Keene]. The revelation in
the mountain. (New York: Cochrane Publishing Co., 1909), pp.
- Jones, Charles Sheridan. The Mormons unmasked
secrets of Salt Lake City. (London: Jarrold and Sons, [c]1911).
__. The truth about the Mormons; secrets of Salt Lake City. (London:
William Rider & Son, 1920), pp. 91-92. 
- Jewett, J. M. "The hidden secrets of the
Mormon church: An apostate describes the inner ceremonies of polygamous
marriages and their treasonous oaths." The Standard
(Chicago: vol. 58 [13 May 1911] no. 37, pp. 12-13.)
- Stead, J. D. Doctrines and dogmas of Brighamism
exposed. (Lamoni, IA: Board of Publication of the Reorganized
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 1911), pp. 107-32.
Reprint of Salt Lake Tribune exposé.] 
- Kauffman, Ruth Hammitt. The Latter-day Saints;
a study of the Mormons in the light of economic conditions, by
Ruth Kauffman and Reginald Wright Kauffman. (London: Williams
& Norgate, 1912), pp. 313-26. [Contains excerpts from Stenhouse's
Englishwoman in Utah (1880, 1888), and McMillian's The
Inside of Mormonism (1903).] 
- Kinney, Bruce. Mormonism: The Islam of America.
(New York, Chicago, Toronto, London, Edinburgh: Fleming H. Revell,
1912), pp. 141-42. 
__. (same) (New York, Chicago, etc.: Fleming H. Revell Company,
[c] 1912). 
__. (same) Rev. and enl. (New York, Chicago: Fleming H. Revell
Company, [c]1916). 
__. (same, in Swedish) Mormonismen. Amerikas Muhammedanism,
av Bruce Kinney...med förord av Pastor E. Lundström
Bemyndigad översättning av. I.H--d. (Stockholm:
P. Palmquists Aktiebolag, 1914). 
- Nutting, J. D. The secret oaths and ceremonies
of Mormonism. The secret temple work which binds Mormons together
under the power of their priestly leaders. Edited by Rev. J.D.
Nutting. (Cleveland, OH: Utah Gospel Mission, 1912), pp. 4-
14. [Tract reprinting J.M. Jewett's 1911 exposé from The
__. (same) (Cleveland, OH: Utah Gospel Mission, 1821). 
- Baskin, R. N. Reminiscences of early Utah.
(Salt Lake City: R. N. Baskin, 1914), pp. 86-103. 
- Latimer, A. C. Why I left the Mormon church.
(Pittsburgh: The National Reform Association, [c] 1916), pp. 6-11.
- Danielsen, Vernon J. Mormonism exposed: or
the crimes and treasons of the Mormon kingdom. By Vernon J. Danielson.
Ex- high priest and formerly secretary of European missions.
(Independence, MO: n.p., 1917), pp. 27-28, 30-50. 
__. Mormonism exposed: or the crimes and treasons of the Mormon
kingdom. (Independence, MO: Herald, 1933), pp. 22-52.
- Thomas, D. K. Wild life in the Rocky Mountains,
or the lost million dollar Gold mine by D.K. Thomas...A true story
of actual experiences in the wild west...The secrets of Mormonism.
A true story of the Mountain Meadows massacre... (C. E. Thomas
Publishing Co., 1917), pp. 110-17. 
- Martin, Stewart. The mystery of Mormonism.
(London: Odhams Press, Ltd., 1920), pp. 244-65. 
__. (same) (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1920).
- Goodwin, Samuel Henry. Mormonism and masonry
a Utah point of View by S. H. Goodwin, P.G.M. (Salt Lake City:
n.p., 1921). 
__. (same) (Salt Lake City: Sugar House Press, 1921). 
__. (same) 3rd impression. (Salt Lake City: n.p., 1921). 
__. (same) 3rd impression. (Salt Lake City: n.p., 1922). 
__. (same) (Washington, D.C.: The Masonic Service Association
of the United States, [c] 1924), pp. 50-59. 
__. (same) (Salt Lake City: Grand Lodge F. & A.M. of Utah,
__. (same) (Salt Lake City: Grand Lodge F. & A.M. of Utah,
__. (same) (Salt Lake City: Grand Lodge F. & A.M. of Utah,
1938), pp. 43-48.
__. (same) Ninth Printing (Salt Lake City: Grand Lodge F. &
A.M. of Utah, 1961), pp. 43-48.
__. (same) Tenth Printing (Salt Lake City: Grand Lodge F. &
A.M. of Utah, 1972), pp. 43-48.
- Preuss, Arthur. Dictionary of secret and other
societies. Comprising Masonic rites, lodges, and clubs; concordant,
clandestine, and spurious Masonic bodies...and many other organizations.
Compiled by Arthur Preuss. (St. Louis: B. Herder Book Co.,
- Vellinga, M. C. Mormon mysteries revealed...
(Los Angeles: West Coast Publishing Co., 1927.) 
- Paden, William M. Temple Mormonism. Its evolution,
ritual and meaning. By Dr. W. M. Paden. (New York A.J. Montgomery,
__. (same) in Tanner, Evolution of the Mormon Temple Ceremony:
1942-1990. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse ministry, 1990),
- Brodie, Fawn M. No man knows my history: The
life of Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet. (New York: Knopf,
__. (same, under title) 2d ed., revised and enlarged. (New York
__. (same) (New York Knopf, 1973), pp. 281-83.
__. (same) (New York Knopf, 1982). pp. 281-83.
- O'Dea, Thomas F. The Mormons. (Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 1957), pp. 57-60.
- Ralston, Russell F. Fundamental differences
between the Reorganized church and the church in Utah. (Independence,
MO: Herald, 1960), pp. 215-31.
- Harrison, G. T. Mormonism now and then.
(n.p., 1961), pp. 232-34.
- Tucker, William P. "Temples and ordinances
and Endowments." Ensign, Oct. 1964, Vol. IV, No. 8.
- Jones, Wesley M. Temple endowment ritual and
ceremonies, "council of the gods," and a celestial drama
of creation including man with sacred signs and tokens, secret
oaths and penalties. By William Jarman, 1869, being an extract
from his book, HELL UPON EARTH published in England, 1885, with
notes by Wesley M. Jones. (Oakland, CA: n.p., 1965). [Typescript
ms. in Bancroft Library, U.C. Berkeley.]
- Whalen, William J. The Latter-day Saints in
the modern day world. An account of contemporary Mormonism.
(Rev. ed.) (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1964),
- Allen, Emily. "The Mormon Money Monster,"
in Confidential (Feb. 1969) xvii, no. 2, pp. 31-37, 70-73.
- Smith, John L. I Visited the temple. A book
inspired by my visit to the Oakland Mormon temple before its dedication
and containing other accounts and reports of the Mormon temples'
[sic] and ceremonies. (Clearfield, UT: The Utah Evangel Press,
1966), pp. 32-65.
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. The Mormon kingdom,
vol. 1. (Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1969), pp. 123-72.
- Ferguson, Charles W. Fifty million brothers.
(New York: Farrar & Rheinhart Inc., 1970), pp. 27-29.
- Holm, Francis W., Sr. The Mormon churches:
A comparison from within. (Kansas City, MO: Midwest, 1970),
- Packard, Clarence F., "The Mystery Religions
of Paganism, Freemasonry, Mormonism." Photocopy. (Salt Lake
City, 1965; Bountiful, UT, 1970).
- Skousen, Max B. The temple endowment. The
key to the mysteries of godliness. (n.p., 1971.)
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Mormonism: shadow
or reality? (Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1972),
__. (same) Enlarged, revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Modern
Microfilm Co., 1982), pp. 451-92.
- Muren, Joseph C. The temple and its significance.
(Ogden, UT: Temple Publications, 1974). [Contains an outline of
the endowment ceremony and covenants.]
- Dolgin, Janet, "Latter-Day Sense and Substance."
In I. I. Zaretsky and M. P. Leone, eds., Religious movements
in contemporary America (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 1974), 519-46; esp. fig. III.
- Scott, Latayne Colvett. The Mormon mirage:
A former Mormon tells why she left the church. (Grand Rapids,
MI: Zondervan, 1979), pp. 196-204.
- Smith, John L. Has Mormonism changed...Now?
(Utah Missions, Inc., 1979, pp. 67-75.
- Young, Brigham, "Lecture Before the Veil,"
St. George Temple, 7 Feb. 1877, in L. John Nuttall Journal, pp.
20-24, published by C. A. Vlachos in Journal of Pastoral Practice,
III:2 (1979), 116-118. (Missions, Inc., 1979), pp. 67-75.
- Ex-Mormons for Jesus. What's going on here?
(Phoenix, AZ: n.p., [c]1980).
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. The changing world
of Mormonism. (Chicago Moody Press, 1980), pp. 524-47.
- Witte, Bob and Fraser, Gordon H. What's Going
on in here? An exposing of the secret Mormon temple rituals.
(Gordon Fraser, Publisher, [c] 1980).
- Christensen, Culley K. The Adam-God maze.
(Scottsdale, AZ: Independent Publishers, 1981), pp. 53, 83, 85-86,
- Collier, Fred C. Unpublished revelations of
the prophets and presidents of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints, vol. 1. (Salt Lake City: Collier's Publishing,
1979), 2d ed. 1981, pp. 113-18, 165-76 [The material at pp. 165-76
was not included in 1st ed.]
- Sackett, Charles. A Mormon temple worker asks
some questions. (n.p., n.d.; [c] 1981).
- von Wellnitz, Marcus, "The Catholic Liturgy
and the Mormon Temple," Brigham Young University Studies
21 (1981): 3-35.
- Sackett, Chuck. What's going on in there?
The verbatim text of the Mormon temple rituals annotated and explained
by a former temple worker. (n.p., 1982).
__. (same) 2d ed. (Thousand Oaks, CA: Ex-Mormons for Jesus, 1982).
__. The Mormon Priesthood Secrets Chart (Thousand Oaks,
CA: Ex-Mormons for Jesus, 1982).
- [Anon.] Fact Sheet (Thousand Oaks, CA:
Ex-Mormons for Jesus, n.d. [c] 1982])
- [Anon.] Are Mormons Christian? Can a Christian
be a Mormon? (West Village, CA: Ministry to Mormons, n.d.
- Buerger, David J., "The Adam-God Doctrine."
Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 15 (Spring 1982):
- Tanner, Jerald. Pay lay ale; an examination
of the charge that the Mormons call upon Lucifer in their temple.
(Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1982).
- Decker, Edward and Baer, Richard (Ex-Mormons
for Jesus). The god-makers: The Mormon quest for godhood
(film). (Ex-Mormons for Jesus, 1983). [Transcript of pertinent
section made on 1 June 1983.]
- Buerger, David J., The Fullness of
the Priesthood: The Second Anointing in Latter-day Saint
Theology and Practice. Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon
Thought 16 (Spring 1983): 10-44.
- Sackett, Chuck. Mormon Temple Rituals--Preparation
for Godhood? (Thousand Oaks, CA: [Ex-Mormons for Jesus], 1983)
[Includes excerpts from What's Going on in There?]
- Greer, Thelma. Mormonism, Mama & Me!
(Fort Washington, PA: Christian Literature Crusade, 1983), pp.
155-168. [Reprints the temple exposé from Beadle's Life
- McKeever, Bill. Behind Temple Doors. (Tucson,
AZ: Calvary Missionary Press, n.d. [c] 1983).
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Mormonism, magic
and masonry. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1983),
- Brown, Lisle G. "Second anointings: A brief
look at a little known ordinance." (n.p., n.d. ([c] 1980s.)
[Unpublished, but widely distributed.]
- Azkin, Bojamah. Elohim at the altar: The rituals
and ceremonies of the Mormon priesthood. Photocopy ([Utah?]
n.p., 1986). [Unpublished, but widely distributed.]
- Schnobelen, William J. and Spencer, James R.
Mormonism's temple of doom. (Idaho Falls, ID: Triple J
Publishers, 1987.) [Includes photographs of the tokens, signs
and penalties on pp. 37-41.]
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. The Lucifer-God
doctrine. A critical look at some recent changes relating to the
worship of Lucifer in the Mormon temple. (Salt Lake City:
Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1987).
__. (same) Rev. and enl. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse Ministry,
- Kimball, Stanley B., ed. On the potter's wheel:
The diaries of Heber C. Kimball. (Salt Lake City: Signature
Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1987), pp.
147- 68. [Nauvoo temple diary extracts.]
- Decker, Ed and Schnoebelen, Bill. The Lucifer-God
doctrine: Shadow or reality? (Issaquah, WA: Saints Alive in
- Naifeh, Steven and Smith, Gregory White. The
Mormon murders: A true story of greed, forgery, deceit and death.
(New York: Weidenfield & Nicholson, 1988), pp. 57-60.
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Major problems
of Mormonism. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1989),
pp. 232- 41.
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Evolution of the
Mormon temple ceremony: 1842-1990. (Salt Lake City: Utah Lighthouse
Ministry, 1990). [Includes the initiatory ordinances (washing
and anointings), complete texts of 1984 and 1990 endowment rituals,
marriage/sealing, and ceremony for sealing children to parents.]
- Hogan, Mervin B. Free Masonry and Mormon ritual.
(Salt Lake City: privately published, 1991).
- Smith, George D., ed. An intimate chronicle:
The journals of William Clayton. (Salt Lake City: Signature
Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1991), pp.
199- 258. [Nauvoo temple diary extracts.]
- Laake, Deborah. Secret ceremonies: A Mormon
woman's intimate diary of marriage and beyond. (New York:
William Morrow, 1993.)